Posted 22 April 2011 - 02:55 AM
Posted 01 June 2011 - 11:42 PM
Posted 01 December 2011 - 10:11 PM
Edited by loganinkosovo, 01 December 2011 - 10:14 PM.
Posted 18 December 2011 - 07:13 PM
Palermo's Capuchin monastery outgrew its original cemetery in the 16th century and monks began to excavate crypts below it. In 1599 they mummified one of their number, recently-dead brother Silvestro of Gubbio, and placed him into the catacombs.
The bodies were dehydrated on the racks of ceramic pipes in the catacombs and sometimes later washed with vinegar. Some of the bodies were embalmed and others enclosed in sealed glass cabinets. Monks were preserved with their everyday clothing and sometimes with ropes they had worn as a penance.
Originally the catacombs were intended only for the dead friars. However, in the following centuries it became a status symbol to be entombed into the Capuchin catacombs. In their wills, local luminaries would ask to be preserved in certain clothes, or even to have their clothes changed at regular intervals. Priests wore their clerical vestments, others were clothed according to the contemporary fashion. Relatives would visit to pray for the deceased and also to maintain the body in presentable condition.
The last friar interred into the catacombs was Brother Riccardo in 1871 but other famous people were still interred. The catacombs were officially closed in 1880 but tourists continued to visit. The last burials are from the 1920s. One of the very last to be interred was Rosalia Lombardo, then two years old, whose body is still remarkably intact, preserved with a procedure that was lost for decades, but was recently rediscovered. The embalming procedure, performed by Professor Alfredo Salafia, consisted of formalin to kill bacteria, alcohol to dry the body, glycerin to keep her from overdrying, salicylic acid to kill fungi, and the most important ingredient, zinc salts (zinc sulfate and zinc chloride) to give the body rigidity. The formula is 1 part glycerin, 1 part formalin saturated with both zinc sulfate and chloride, and 1 part of an alcohol solution saturated with salicylic acid.
The catacombs contain about 8000 mummies that line the walls. The halls are divided into categories: Men, Women, Virgins, Children, Priests, Monks, and Professionals. Some bodies are better preserved than others. Some are set in poses; for example, two children are sitting together in a rocking chair. The coffins were accessible to the families of the deceased so that on certain days the family could hold their hands and they could "join" their family in prayer.
Five part documentary on the catacombs in German but the video is worth a watch.
Posted 18 December 2011 - 07:19 PM
They are called the "Incorruptibles".
This is a three part documentary on some of them.
Posted 19 December 2011 - 12:36 AM
Posted 19 December 2011 - 12:48 AM
Henry, the abbot of the Cistercian monastery in Sedlec, was sent to the Palestine (Holy Land) by King Otakar II of Bohemia in 1278. When he returned, he brought with him a small amount of earth he had removed from Golgotha and sprinkled it over the abbey cemetery. The word of this pious act soon spread and the cemetery in Sedlec became a desirable burial site throughout Central Europe. During the Black Death in the mid 14th century, and after the Hussite Wars in the early 15th century, many thousands were buried there and the cemetery had to be greatly enlarged.
Around 1400 a Gothic church was built in the center of the cemetery with a vaulted upper level and a lower chapel to be used as an ossuary for the mass graves unearthed during construction, or simply slated for demolition to make room for new burials. After 1511 the task of exhuming skeletons and stacking their bones in the chapel was, according to legend, given to a half-blind monk of the order.
Between 1703 and 1710 a new entrance was constructed to support the front wall, which was leaning outward, and the upper chapel was rebuilt. This work, in the Czech Baroque style, was designed by Jan Santini Aichel.
In 1870, František Rint, a woodcarver, was employed by the Schwarzenberg family to put the bone heaps into order. The macabre result of his effort speaks for itself. Four enormous bell-shaped mounds occupy the corners of the chapel. An enormous chandelier of bones, which contains at least one of every bone in the human body, hangs from the center of the nave with garlands of skulls draping the vault. Other works include piers and monstrances flanking the altar, a large Schwarzenberg coat-of-arms, and the signature of Rint, also executed in bone, on the wall near the entrance.
Posted 20 December 2011 - 03:35 AM
Please let me know if the links I'm putting up are something you are interested in.
Feedback is always appreciated.
Posted 20 December 2011 - 10:12 AM
Eat, drink and be scary. ~Author Unknown
Posted 21 December 2011 - 01:41 AM
At some point, when it's so quiet out there, you get the feeling you are posting in a vacuum.
Glad to know someone else actually finds this stuff interesting.
Posted 21 December 2011 - 03:06 AM
Posted 21 December 2011 - 10:16 PM
Posted 21 December 2011 - 11:10 PM
I know how you feel. Southern California killed my sinuses and I was stationed there for 7 years.
The worst was Holland in March through May. There were 100 year old Chestnut Trees outside the second floor windows of my office in an old Cavalry Barracks outside the City wall. I found out Blooming Chestnuts kill me.
Posted 05 January 2012 - 07:13 PM
0 user(s) are reading this topic
0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users